Math, in general, is: *Cumulative in nature *Increasingly complex *Varied : measurements, geometry, data analysis, algebra, rational numbers, etc...
Dyscalculia: *A math dysfunction *Not related to motivation, effort, or intelligence...Performance is inconsistent with regard to intelligence *A processing or perceptual disorder of language and/or visual-spatial areas
Common Characteristics of Dyscalculia: * Misreading numbers * Difficulty copying math problems and organizing written work * Difficulty retaining math vocabulary and concepts * Difficulty with counding accurately, time, directions, recalling schedules, and sequences of events * Mistakes often occurring with number additions, substitutions, transpositions, omissions, and reversals when writing, reading and recalling numbers * Inability to grasp and remember math concepts, rules, formulas, sequence (order of operations), grouping, categorizing, and basic math facts * May be able to perform math operations one day, but draw a blank the next * Poor memory
Working Memory:a critical role in mathematical application... Common struggles: *Memorization *Retention & retrieval of math concepts *Recalling information just heard or seen *Following directions (Especially when gien multiple steps orally)